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13th July
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These are the sources used by researcher Robert Pate in his article “The Anthrax Mystery: Solved.”


The letters and notes:

Ed Lake,

“Analysis of the Anthrax Attacks,” by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg,

“Brokaw’s aide tests positive, Suspicious letters to NBC, N.Y. Times sent from St. Petersburg, authorities say,” by David Ballingrud, Mike Brassfield, and Wes Allison, St. Petersburg Times, October 13, 2001.

“Anxious about Anthrax,” by Sharon Begley and Michael Isikoff, Newsweek, October 22, 2001.

“Sorting the Mail, Searching for ‘a Shadow Enemy,’” by Guy Gugliotta, October 28, 2001.

“Anthrax Pervades Florida Site, and Experts See Likeness to That Sent to Senators,” by Andrew C. Revkin and Dana Canedy, New York Times, December 5, 2001.

Graysmith, Robert AMERITHRAX The Hunt for the Anthrax Killer. New York 2003, pages 56, 67,104,105.

The anthrax material:

“Analysis of the New York Post envelope,” by Richard M. Smith, www.Com

“Letter to Brokaw traced,” by Joshua Robin and Rocco Parascndola, Newsday, October 14, 2001.

“Police say letter to New York Post is anthrax-laced,” from staff and wire reports, Baltimore Sun, October 21, 2001.

“Gov. Ridge, Medical Authorities Discuss Anthrax,” White House Press Briefing, October 25, 2001.

“Ridge, Thompson Hold Briefing,” White House Press Briefing, October 29, 2001.

“The Ames Strain” by Peter J. Boyer, New Yorker, November 12, 2001.

“Leahy Letter May Have Been Misdirected to Va,” by Susan Schmidt, Washington Post, November 21, 2001.

“Leahy Mail Holds A Note Identical To Daschle Letter,” by Susan Schmidt, Washington Post, December 7, 2001.

“The Anthrax Probe Ranges Far and Wide As Investigators Scour Tips, Quotes & Research Trash for Leads,” by Mark Schoofs, Gary Fields, and Maureen Tkacik, Wall Street Journal, December 11, 2001.

“Army Working on Weapons-Grade Anthrax,” by Rick Weiss and Joby Warrick, Washington Post, December 13, 2001.

“Anthrax Easy To Get Out Of Lab, Security Was Based On Trust In Scientists,” by Jack Dolan, Dave Altimari, and Lynne Tuohy, Hartford Courant, December 20, 2001.

“Official: Unusual coating in anthrax mailings,” by Kelli Arena, CNN Washington Bureau, April 11, 2002.

“A Sophisticated Strain of Anthrax,” by Mark Hosenball, John Barry, and Daniel Klaidman, Newsweek, April 15, 2002.

“Anthrax Sent Through Mail Gained Potency by the Letter,” by William J. Broad and David Johnston, New York Times, May 7, 2002.

“Anthrax in Mail was Newly Made, Investigators Say,” David Johnston and William J. Broad, New York Times, June 23, 2002.

“Anthrax killer `could grow more bacteria’”, by Julian Borger, The Guardian (U.K.), June 24, 2002.

“Still No Arrest in Anthrax Probe, but ‘Progress’ is Noted,” by Guy Gugliotta, Washington Post, August 4, 2002.

“The Anthrax Letters, Five Deaths, Five Grams, Five Clues,” by Paul de Armond, Albion Monitor, August 16, 2002.

“FBI’s Theory On Anthrax Is Doubted,” by Guy Gugliotta and Gary Matsumoto, Washington Post, October 28, 2002.

“FBI fails to re-create anthrax production,” by Toni Locy, USA Today, September 29, 2003.

“The Message In The Anthrax,” by Don Foster, Vanity Fair, October 2003.

Dr. Steven J. Hatfill and Barbara Hatch Rosenberg:

“Backgrounder: The Jewish Defense League,”

“Never say never again,” by Tom Tugend, The Internet Jerusalem Post, December 27, 2001.

“FBI: Letter in Daschle’s office a hoax,”, January 3, 2002.

“War on terror: FBI ‘guilty of cover-up’ over anthrax suspect,” by Nick Peters, Scotland on Sunday, June 16, 2002.

“Who is Steven Hatfill?” by Laura Rozen, The American Prospect, June 27, 2002.

“The Case of Dr. Hatfill: Suspect Or Pawn,” by Dave Altimari, Jack Dolan, and David Lightman, Hartford Courant, June 27, 2002.

“AWB sympathizer quizzed over anthrax killings,” by Tony Weaver, Independent (South Africa), July 1, 2002.

“Steven Jay Hatfill,” by Stephen P. Dresch, Forensic Intelligence International, July 6, 2002.

“Scientist says FBI asked about setup,” by Guy Taylor, Washington Times, August 3, 2002.

“Ex-Army Scientist Denies Role in Anthrax Attacks,” by Tom Jackman, Washington Post, August 11, 2002.

“US ‘Anthrax Suspect’ Trained At Porton Down,” by Nicholas Rufford and Sarah Baxter, London Sunday Times, August 11, 2002.

“Murky past of a US bio-warrior,” by Marlene Burger, The Johannesburg Mail & Guardian, August 16, 2002.

“Media Manufacture Cloud of Suspicion Over Hatfill,” by Nicholas Stix, Insight, August 26, 2002.

“Anthrax Figure Fired From New Job, Hatfill Was To Begin Working This Week,” by Jack Dolan, Hartford Courant, September 4, 2002.

“Justice Official Sought Hatfill’s Ouster, E-Mail Told LSU Not To Use Him,” by Dave Altimari and Jack Dolan, Hartford Courant, September 5, 2002.

“The Hunting of Steven J. Hatfill,” by David Tell, Weekly Standard, September 16, 2002.

“Anthrax probe raises doubts on FBI,” by Wayne Washington, Boston Globe, September 23, 2002.

“The ‘person of interest’ emerges, New buzzword for law enforcement still hard to define,” MSNBC, Associated Press, May 17, 2003.

Dr. Ayaad Assaad and Dr. Philip M. Zack:

“Turmoil In A Perilous Place, Angry Scientists Allege Racism At Biowarfare Lab,” by Lynne Tuohy and Jack Dolan, Hartford Courant, December 19, 2001.

“Anthrax Missing From Army Lab,” by Jack Dolan and Dave Altimari, Hartford Courant, January 20, 2002.

“Detrick’s security lapses date to 1980s; Anthrax not first biological agent to disappear from base,” The Gazette (Frederick, Maryland), by Nicole Belanger, January 24, 2002.

“Anthrax probe focuses on letter,” by Jerry Seper, Washington Times, February 26, 2002.

“Anthrax, Assaad, Terror & the Timeline,” by Ed Lake, www.anthraxin, March 3, 2002.

“On the trail of the anthrax killer, Letter to FBI falsely accusing scientist a possible clue pointing to U.S. Army lab,” by Paul Koring, Toronto Globe and Mail, March 6, 2002.

“While media spotlights one anthrax suspect, another is too hot to touch,” by Delinda Curtiss Hanley, Arab News, August 16, 2002.

“The Message In The Anthrax,” by Don Foster, Vanity Fair, October 2003.

Possible suspects:

“Experts doubt anthrax a domestic plot,” by Ron Martz, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, October 19, 2001.

“Pre-9/11 ‘Terrorist’ Mail Came From Indy,” by Murray Weiss, New York Post, November 1, 2001.

“CIA Denies Being Source of Anthrax,” by Matthew L. Wald, Los Angeles Times, December 17, 2001.

Israeli means:

“Israel and Chemical/Biological Weapons: History, Deterrence, and Arms Control,” by Dr. Avner Cohen, The Nonproliferation Review, Fall-Winter 2001.

Israeli motive:

“Stop Arms to human rights abusers! Defend the Leahy Law!” Amnesty International USA,

“Tourture in Israel has again become routine,” by Moshe Reinfeld, Haaretz, August 18, 2003.

Israeli opportunity:

“Suspicious Activities Involving Israeli Art Students at DEA Facilities,”

Fox News Series on Israeli Spying on US Telecommunications, by Carl Cameron, Fox News,

“Profiting From Terror? Worldwide probe of surge in trades days before attack,” by James Toedtman and Charles V. Zehren, Newsday, September 19, 2001.

“Odigo says workers were warned of attack,” by Yuval Dror, Haaretz, Sept 26, 2001.

“Internet Firm Received Message Predicting Terror Attacks in U.S.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, September 26, 2001.

“Odigo Clarifies Attack Messages,” Newsbytes (Washington Post), September 28, 2001.

“Suspicious profits sit uncollected, Airlines investors seem to be lying low,” by Christian Berthelsen and Scott Winokur, San Francisco Chronicle, September 29, 2001.

“Hijacker ‘given anthrax flask by Iraqi agent,’” by Daniel McGrory, The London Times, October 27, 2001.

“FBI Investigates Message Warning,” by Chris Griffith, Courier Mail (Brisbane, Australia), November 20, 2001.

“An Enigma: Vast Israeli Spy Network Dismantled in the US,” by Sylvain Cypel, Le Monde, March 5, 2002.

“Israelis ‘spied on al-Qa’ida in America,’” by John Lichfield, The Independent (U.K.), March 6, 2002.

“Update: The spies who came in from the art sale,” by John Sugg, Atlanta Creative Loafing, March 20, 2002.

“The Israeli ‘art student’ mystery,” by Christopher Ketcham,, May 7, 2002.

“Spies, or students? Were the Israelis just trying to sell their paintings, or agents in a massive espionage ring?” by Nathan Guttman, Haaretz, May 13, 2002.

“Art, Espionage and Cover Ups,” by Alan Simpson, Spies Magazine, July 11, 2002.

“Next Door to Mohammed Atta, Israeli agents were living in Florida and tailing the future death pilots – until their cover was blown,” by Oliver Schrom, Die Zeit, October 14, 2002.

“More Missing Intelligence,” by Robert Dreyfuss, The Nation, July 7, 2003.

“The spies who pushed for war,” by Julian Borger, The Guardian (U.K.), July 17, 2003.

The framing of Dr. Hatfill:

“Bradley Smith and Committee for Open Debate on the Holocaust (CODOH): The New College Try,”

“Christian Identity Movement,”

“Fire Department Response to Biological Threat at B’nai B’rith Headquarters Washington, DC,” Federal Emergency Management Agency, United States Fire Administration, April 1997.

“20 FBI agents on hoax case,” by Hurst Laviana, Wichita Eagle, August 27, 1998.

“B’nai B’rith Execs: ’97 ‘Hoax’ Was Anthrax,” by Eli Kintisch, Forward, November 2, 2001.

“The Anthrax Files,” by Nicholas D. Kristof, New York Times, July 12, 2002.

“Anthrax genome unveiled, DNA sequence may help stop killer in its tracks,” by Helen R. Pilcher, Nature, May 1, 2003.

“The Message In The Anthrax,” by Don Foster, Vanity Fair, October 2003.


Ennes, James M. Jr. Assault on the Liberty. New York, 1979.

“The Bioweaponeers,” by Richard Preston, New Yorker, March 9, 1998.

“National Developments of Biological Weapons in the Middle East: An Analytic Overview,” by Anthony H. Cordesman, Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 2001.

“U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits,” by Judith Miller, Stephen Engelberg, and William J. Broad, New York Times, September 4, 2001.

“Did anyone see this hijacker in Maine?” by David Wedge and Tom Farmer, Boston Herald, October 5, 2001.

“The Ames Strain,” by Peter J. Boyer, New Yorker, November 12, 2001.

“Looking For The Anthrax Man,”, February 26, 2002.

“Remember Anthrax?” by David Tell, The Weekly Standard, April 29, 2002.

“The Enemy Within? The FBI’s anthrax investigation turns on itself,” by Laura Rozen, The American Prospect, May 20, 2002.

The above are the sources used by researcher Robert Pate in his article “The Anthrax Mystery: Solved.”

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